Moisan, J. R., A. J. Miller, E. Di Lorenzo and J. Wilkin, 2005:

Modeling and data assimilation.

In: Remote Sensing in Coastal Aquatic Environments, R. L. Miller, C. E. Del Castillo, and B. A. McKee, Eds., Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, in press.

Abstract. Coastal areas are by far the most complex and dynamic of all ocean regions. They are important zones for the accumulation and transformation of nutrients and sediments derived from terrestrial and atmospheric sources. These areas are also crucial fish nursery and foraging grounds and are home to the majority of ocean fish stocks that compose our fisheries Approximately 90% of the total marine fish catch is derived from continental shelf regions, an area comprising less than 8% of the total ocean area. The proximity of the coastal ocean to terrestrial and fluvial influences complicates the underlying coastal ocean dynamics often associated with coastal regions, such as tides, coastal trapped waves, shoaling internal waves, upwelling, etc. Mankind has heavily influenced coastal regions by modifying freshwater influx patterns, altering nutrient and sediment fluxes from both fluvial and atmospheric sources, and overexploiting fisheries resources. One goal in understanding the dynamics of coastal regions is to use this knowledge to improve coastal management practices so as to reduce the impact of anthropogenic influences. However, gaining an understanding of the mechanisms important to answering a host of questions related to coastal ocean regions requires the coordinated use of a wide variety of data sets, of both satellite and in situ origin, and numerical models.

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