Muccino, J. C., H. G. Arango, A. B. Bennett, B. S. Chua, B. D. Cornuelle, E. Di Lorenzo, G. D. Egbert, D. Haivogel, L. Hao, J. C. Levin, A. J. Miller, A. M. Moore and E. D. Zaron, 2008:

The Inverse Ocean Modeling System. II: Applications.

Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology,25, 1623-1637.

Abstract. The Inverse Ocean Modeling System (IOM) is modular system for constructing and runningWeak constraint 4-DimensionalVARiational assimilation (W4DVAR) for any linear or nonlinear functionally smooth dynamical model and observing array. The IOM has been applied to four ocean models with widely varying characteristics. The Primitive Equations Z-coordinate - Harmonic Analysis of Tides (PEZ-HAT) and the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) are three-dimensional, primitive equations models while the ADvanced CIRCulation model in 2D (ADCIRC-2D) and Spectral Element Ocean Model in 2D (SEOM-2D) are shallow water models belonging to the general finite element family. These models, in conjunction with the IOM, have been used to investigate a wide variety of scientific phenomena including tidal, mesoscale and wind-driven circulation. In all cases, the assimilation of data using the IOM provides a better estimate of the ocean state than the model alone.

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